What are cannabis concentrates?

 

Cannabis concentrates, also known as ‘extract’ are becoming more and more present in the cannabis community, especially dabbing.

As you may be able to guess, concentrates are concentrated THC and CBD through the extraction of cannabis flower, which also brings with it a range of cannabinoids and terpenes.

As technologies and methods advance, it’s becoming easier and easier for consumers to extract themselves.

They are a lot stronger than cannabis flowers, so they must be consumed in moderation by inexperienced users.

 

Orangeade Flower Rosin by Motherland Collective

 

Concentrates are made through separating the resin from the flower so that you can have as many cannabinoids and terpenes without the unnecessary plant material.

Most of the plants cannabinoids and terpenes are produced in the trichomes, so the more trichomes a plant contains, the higher potency the end product will be.

Once extracted, concentrates are used for a wide range of purposes and products, including tinctures, edibles, topical creams and more.

They are also used for consuming pure, using equipment such as a dab rig, vaporiser, or even wrapped round or inside a joint.

 

Dab rig

 

Different types of Concentrates

 

Hash

Bubble Hash. Photo courtesy of Ed Rosenthal.com

 

Hash is the most well known cannabis concentrate, which sis made by separating trichomes from the plant and then forming the resin in to one big mass.

There are lots of different types of hash including commonly used bubble hash, which uses ice and cold water to separate the trichomes. Lebanese hash is made by drying flowers and then rubbing them on to fabric which is then pressed in to slabs. Charas and Nepalese hash is made using a hand rolling process, and there are plenty more to name. All of these can be consumed through combustion, but is also used a lot for edibles.

 

Kief

Grinder Kief

 

Kief is the powdery material that you see collect at the bottom of your grinder. But is also extracted using the dry sift method where you separate your kief through mesh screens.

This is some of the strongest concentrate as its pretty much pure trichomes, though from your grinder you will most likely have minute bits of plant matter in there too.

Kief is essentially what gets made in to hash, but people may press this in to rosin, or just sprinkle it in to a joint.

 

Rosin

Vacation Land Flower Rosin by Motherland Collective

 

Rosin is cannabis resin in a more solid form. It is made through applying pressure and heat to extract the resin. This is a method of solventless extraction that some prefer to solvent extraction such as BHO.

This is usually done with an industrial press but it can also be done at home on a small scale using hair straighteners, which is a common method.

Rosin can be used in a dab rig or vaporiser, wrapped round a joint, or mixing in with your cannabis.

 

BHO Shatter

Green Poison BHO Shatter by Totem Fire

 

Shatter is one of the purest forms of concentrate, and is used by using a solvent to extract the THC from flower using a process called butane hash oil extraction.

This isn’t the safest of methods of extraction, so knowledge and experience is definitely needed to make safely, as it is to make the product safe for consumption.

Shatter looks a bit like gold glass, and has a brittle consistency. It is incredibly potent, but not so strong in flavour, and is most commonly used in a dab rig or vaporiser.